The Bible came to exist because of the writings of prophets and followers of Jesus. It serves primarily as God's word on how to follow him and live each day. Secondly, it serves as a history of how our world came to be. Let's discuss the history of the original texts of the Bible.
Terms to Remember:
The Bible comes from two main sources - Old and New Testaments - written in different languages. The Old Testament was written primarily in Hebrew, with some books written in Aramaic. The following are brief snap shots of the beginning and ending of the Old Testament and the reasons for the first two translations of the Old Testament from Hebrew into Aramaic and Greek
There are no known autographs of any books of the Old Testament. Below is a list of the languages in which the Old Testament books were written.
The following is a list of the oldest Hebrew manuscripts of the Old Testament that are still in existence.
45- 95 A.D. The New Testament was written in Greek. The Pauline Epistles, the Gospel of Mark, the Gospel of Luke, and the book of Acts are all dated from 45-63 A.D. The Gospel of John and the Revelation may have been written as late as 95 A.D.
There are over 5,600 early Greek Manuscripts of the New Testament that are still in existence. The oldest manuscripts were written on papyrus and the later manuscripts were written on leather called parchment.
Early translations of the New Testament can give important insight into the underlying Greek manuscripts from which they were translated.
Printing greatly aided the transmission of the biblical texts.
The King James Version of the Bible is probably the closest copy of the original scrolls that we have readily availible to us. The King James Bible was a task given to over 50 scholors by King James himself. 54 were originally assigned to this project but about 47 of them were active throughout the whole work. This project went on for over seven years and was completed in the year 1611. The qualifications of these scholors were very high. For example, look at John Bois (who kept the most complete account of the work of the scholars). He was an expert in all forms of Greek and had compiled one of the largest Greek libraries in history. He led the translations of the New Testament and later became Dean of Canterbury in 1619. Lancelot Andrews led the translations of the Old Testament. He was the chaplain to Queen Elizabeth and was fluent in fifteen modern languages (such as Hebrew, Greek, and the cognate Biblical languages). All of these men were more than qualified for the task. The King James version has lasted the test of time and still continues today as the most widely recognized version of the Bible all over the world.
* Source: ("A Creationist's Defense of the King James Bible" by Dr. Henry Morris, 1996. Pg. 3-6)*
Matthew 9:13 - In NIV: the words "to repentance" are omitted, making the verse say exactly opposite of what it was intended. In KJV - "For I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance."
Matthew 18:11 - In NIV: verse is completely omitted (very important verse in my opinion). In KJV- "For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost."
Matthew 19:17 - In NIV: changed to "Why do you ask me about what is good?" In the KJV he is not asking about what is good, he is calling Him good. Jesus used this to make a point "there is none good but one, that is, God"....
Matthew 25:13 - In NIV: The words "wherein the son of man cometh" are omitted from the verse. In KJV - "Ye know neither the hour wherein the Son of man cometh".
Mark 10:24 - In NIV: the words "for them that trust in riches" is omitted, making the verse say something different from the original. In KJV- "how hard it is for them that trust in riches to enter into the kingdom of God!"
Luke 2:33 - In NIV: Joseph is omitted from being Jesus's Dad. In KJV - "and Joseph and his mother....."
Luke 4:4 - In NIV: "but by every word of God" is omitted. In KJV - "Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God."
Luke 4:8 - In NIV: verse is completely omitted. In KJV - "Get thee behind me, Satan" (I don't know about you, but I have a serious problem with a Bible that is too ashamed to admit or wants to mislead you about Jesus comanding Satan to leave)
John 6:47 - In NIV: "on me" is omitted. In KJV - "He that believeth on me hath everlasting life".