The Blue Mountain Shepherd

~Then he said to them, "Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men." (Matthew 4:19)~

"Sons of God"

A Study on the “Sons of God”

“About the Time of the End, a body of men will be raised up who will turn their attention to the Prophecies, and insist upon their literal interpretation, in the midst of much clamor and opposition”

Sir Isaac Newton

The following is a short treatise on why I personally believe that the “sons of God” referenced in the book of Genesis (chapter 6) are angelic beings, and that they did somehow co-mingle with women to produce offspring of an unusual nature. I do not claim to completely understand how this occurred, whether it occurred in the natural manner we normally understand reproduction, or if there were other ways this was accomplished which we may not understand.

Either way, I believe there is Biblical support to back up this interpretation, as well as historic evidence in the form of ancient books, manuscripts, legends, and myths.

I came to this conclusion after much research which includes studying biblical scripture, writings of early Church fathers, ancient history and mythology, and extra-biblical sources which include some apocryphal books (i.e. The book of Enoch, The book of Jubilees, The book of Jasher, and more).

This short treatise is not intended to be an exhaustive study of the subject, nor reflect all available information pertaining to it, but merely to show my own thought process in forming my conclusions.

It is an understatement to say that this is a controversial subject and not everyone agrees with my conclusions. Many interpret Genesis chapter 6 to refer only to men and women mixing in ways never intended by God. This view will be covered in this study even though I do not believe it has merit and requires significant stretching and bending of the biblical text to squeeze this interpretation out of it.

If my conclusions are correct, the implications are far reaching and could very well have a major impact on world history in the near future, prophetically speaking.

Once I began to understand the implications of the angelic interpretation of Genesis chapter 6, I was able to tie together several things that had mystified me, things I could not explain or understand, and things that I, like most other people had wrote off to superstition, fairy tales, or imagination.

But now things that were a complete mystery to me a few short years ago actually make sense when viewed from a different perspective, a perspective in which the supernatural is accepted as a reality and not just thought of as purely spiritual or immaterial concepts.

There are many mysterious things on earth, things of myth and legend, from the past as well as from the present. How do we explain these things? For the most part, we don’t!

I think when the average person encounters seemingly unexplainable events, objects or happenings they immediately dismiss them or go to great lengths to explain them away. Perhaps that is easier than searching for real answers to hard questions. We all have our preconceived notions and we don’t like it when something comes along and stomps all over them.

But I don’t think that a Christian is called to be an average person. We are called out of the world and given insight and understanding by the Holy Spirit that the rest of the world doesn’t have.

For example, we have an understanding of what Jesus accomplished on the cross. The Holy Spirit reveals this truth in us. The “world” cannot understand this, to them it is foolishness.

1Co 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.

Jesus said the Father would send the Holy Spirit to teach us all things, and bring the things he said to our remembrance.

Joh 14:26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

2Ti 2:7 Consider what I say; and the Lord give thee understanding in all things.

I believe that a Christian should seek to know and understand their faith so that they will “be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you”. But I also believe that a Christian can look into any subject, no matter how controversial or mysterious, and run it through the filter of God’s Word and the truth will be revealed.

With that in mind, I will try to examine the 6th chapter of the Book of Genesis. What was really going on? And did the Lord reveal more (in Matthew 24:37), than we see with just a casual reading of the text?

Matt. 24:37 But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

Matt. 24:38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark,

Matt. 24:39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

On the surface that sounds so “ordinary”. Why did he tell us this specific information? It could be argued that this description of the times applies to any and all ages since the flood. There has always been “eating and drinking”, and also “marrying and giving in marriage” so what’s the purpose of Christ telling us something so mundane, so ordinary? Was he describing a symptom? Or was he giving us a warning?



Questions and more Questions……


With that being said, let’s start with biblical references to the “sons of God”.

Old Testament References:

(Note: These only include verses with the exact phrase “sons of God”.)

Gen 6:1 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,

Gen 6:2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.



Gen 6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.



Job 1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.

Job 2:1 Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.

Job 38:4 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.

Job 38:5 Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it?

Job 38:6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;

Job 38:7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

There are several other verses in the Old Testament that pertain to angels, but they are not directly relevant to this study.

Job 38:7 must be referring to angelic beings. The reason I say this is the preceding verses are referencing the laying of the foundation of the earth. This, I believe, occurred before the creation of man (duh). Genesis 1:1 is in view in Job 38:4, “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.” I believe this to be the laying of the foundation of the earth at which all the “sons of God” shouted for joy. Man had not been created yet, so the “sons of God” must here be referring to angelic beings.

In reference to Job 1:6, and 2:1, where the “sons of God” assemble themselves together before the Lord, I’ll use passages out of a few commentaries, a book, and other early sources and let them speak for themselves.

From Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown’s Commentary:

Job_1:6-12. Satan, appearing before God, falsely accuses Job.

sons of God — angels (Job_38:7; 1Ki_22:19). They present themselves to render account of their “ministry” in other parts of the universe (Heb_1:14).

From Albert Barnes’ Commentary

Now there was a day - Dr. Good renders this, “And the day came.” Tindal.” Now upon a time.” The Chaldee paraphrasist has presumed to specify the time, and renders it, “Now it happened in the day of judgment (or scrutiny, דדינא ביומא), “in the beginning of the year,” that hosts of angels came to stand in judgment before yahweh, and Satan came.” According to this, the judgment occurred once a year, and a solemn investigation was had of the conduct even of the angels. In the Hebrew there is no intimation of the frequency with which this occurred, nor of the time of the year when it happened. The only idea is, that “the sons of God” on a set or appointed day came to stand before God to give an account of what they had done, and to receive further orders in regard to what they were to do.

From Adam Clarke’s Commentary

There was a day when the sons of God - All the versions, and indeed all the critics, are puzzled with the phrase sons of God; בני האלהים beney haelohim, literally, sons of the God, or sons of the gods. The Vulgate has simply filii dei, sons of God. The Septuagint, οἱ αγγελοι του θεου, the angels of God. The Chaldee, כתי מלאכיא kittey malachaiya, troops of angels. The Syriac retains the Hebrew words and letters, only leaving out the demonstrative ה he in the word האלהים haelohim, thus, (Syriac) baney Elohim. The Arabic nearly copies the Hebrew also, (Arabic) banoa Iloheem; to which, if we give not the literal translation of the Hebrew, we may give what translation we please. Coverdale (1535) translates it, servauntes of God. The Targum supposes that this assembly took place on the day of the great atonement, which occurred once each year. And there was a day of judgment in the beginning of the year; and the troops of angels came, that they might stand in judgment before the Lord. But what are we to make of this whole account? Expositions are endless. That of Mr. Peters appears to me to be at once the most simple and the most judicious: “The Scripture speaks of God after the manner of men, for there is a necessity of condescending to our capacities, and of suiting the revelation to our apprehension. As kings, therefore, transact their most important affairs in a solemn council or assembly, so God is pleased to represent himself as having his council likewise; and as passing the decrees of his providence in an assembly of his holy angels.

From John Gill’s Exposition on the Bible

Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord; this is generally understood of the angels, as in Job_38:7 who may be thought to be so called, because of their creation by the father of spirits, so they may be said to go forth from standing before the Lord of all the earth into the several parts of all the world, to do the will and work of God assigned them, Zec_6:5 and then, having done their work, return again, and present themselves before the Lord.

From Matthew Henry’s Commentary

Now here we have Satan among the sons of God (Job_1:6), an adversary (so Satan signifies) to God, to men, to all good: he thrust himself into an assembly of the sons of God that came to present themselves before the Lord. This means either, 1). A meeting of the saints on earth. Professors of religion, in the patriarchal age, were called sons of God (Gen_6:2); they had then religious assemblies and stated times for them. The King came in to see his guests; the eye of God was on all present. But there was a serpent in paradise, a Satan among the sons of God; when they come together he is among them, to distract and disturb them, stands at their right hand to resist them. The Lord rebuke thee, Satan! Or 2). A meeting of the angels in heaven. They are the sons of God, Job_38:7. They came to give an account of their negotiations on earth and to receive new instructions. Satan was one of them originally; but how hast thou fallen, O Lucifer! He shall no more stand in that congregation, yet he is here represented, as coming among them, either summoned to appear as a criminal or connived at, for the present, though an intruder.

From Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before Jehovah; and Satan came also in the midst of them. The translation “it happened on a day” is rejected in Ges. §109, rem. 1, c. (Note: The references to Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar have been carefully verified according to the English edition published by Bagster and Sons, London. - Tr.).  From the writer assigning the earthly measure of time to the place of God and spirits, we see that celestial things are represented by him parabolically. But the assumptions on which he proceeds are everywhere recognised in Scripture; for (1.) הָאֱלֹהִים בְּנֵי, as the name of the celestial spirits, is also found out of the book of Job (Gen_6:2; cf. Psa_29:1; Psa_59:7; Dan_3:25). They are so called, as beings in the likeness of God, which came forth from God in the earliest beginning of creation, before this material world and man came into existence (Job_28:4-7): the designation בְּנֵי points to the particular manner of their creation. (2.) Further, it is the teaching of Scripture, that these are the nearest attendants upon God, the nearest created glory, with which He has surrounded himself in His eternal glory, and that He uses them as the immediate instruments of His cosmical rule. This representation underlies Gen_1:26, which Philo correctly explains, διαλέγεται ὁ τῶν ὅλων πατη`ρ ταῖς ἑαυτοῦ δυνάμεσιν; and in Psa_59:6-8, a psalm which is closely allied to the book of Job, קְהַל and סֹוד, of the holy ones, is just the assembly of the heavenly spirits, from which, as ἄγγελοι of God, they go forth into the universe and among men.

From International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

(Old Testament) (האלהים בּני, benē hā-'ĕlōhı̄m, “sons of God” (Gen_6:2, Gen_6:4; Job_1:6; Job_2:1); אלהים בּני, benē 'ĕlōhı̄m, “sons of God” (Job_38:7); אלים בני, benē 'ēlı̄m. This article will deal with this phrase as it is used in Job and Psalms. In the passages from Job and Psalms it is applied to supernatural beings or angels. In Job the “sons of God” are represented as appearing before the throne of Yahweh in heaven, ready to do Him service, and as shouting for joy at the creation of the earth, In the Psalms they are summoned to celebrate the glory of Yahweh, for there is none among them to be compared to Him. The phrase in these passages has no physical or moral reference. These heavenly beings are called “sons of God” or “sons of the 'ĕlohı̄m” simply as belonging to the same class or guild as the 'ĕlohı̄m, just as “sons of the prophets” denotes those who belong to the prophetic order (see A.B. Davidson, Commentary on Job_1:6).

Different views, however, are taken of the passage in Gen_6:2, Gen_6:4 : “The sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all that they chose .... The Nephilim were in the earth in those days, and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men.” See GIANTS; NEPHILIM.

(1) “Sons of God” is interpreted as referring to men, (a) to sons of the nobles, who married daughters of the common people. This is the view of many Jewish authorities, who hold that it is justified by the use of 'ĕlohı̄m in the sense of “judges” (Exo_21:6; Exo_22:8 f, etc.). But this cannot be the meaning of 'ĕlohı̄m here, for when 'ādhām, “men,” is used to denote the lower classes, it is contrasted with 'ı̄sh, as in Psa_49:2 (Hebrew 3), not with 'ĕlohı̄m. When contrasted with 'ĕlohı̄m it signifies the human race. (b) Some commentators hold that by “sons of God” is to be understood the pious race descended from Seth, and by “daughters of men” the daughters of worldly men. These commentators connect the passage with Gen_4:25 f, where the race of Seth is characterized as the worshippers of Yahweh and is designated as a whole, a seed (compare Deu_14:1; Deu_32:5; Hos_1:10 (Hebrew 2:1)). They consider the restricted meaning they put upon “men” as warranted by the contrast (compare Jer_32:20; Isa_43:4), and that as the term “daughters” expresses actual descent, it is natural to understand “sons” in a similar sense. The phrase “took wives,” they contend also, supports the ethical view, being always used to signify real and lasting marriages, and cannot, therefore, be applied to the higher spirits in their unholy desire after flesh. On this view Gen_6:1-4 are an introduction to the reason for the Flood, the great wickedness of man upon the earth (Gen_6:5). It is held that nothing is said in Gen_6:4 of a race of giants springing from the union of angels with human wives (see paragraph 2, below), and that the violence which is mentioned along with the corruption of the world (Gen_6:11) refers to the sin of the giants.

(2) Most scholars now reject this view and interpret “sons of God” as referring to supernatural beings in accordance with the meaning of the expression in the other passages. They hold that Deu_14:1, etc., cannot be regarded as supporting the ethical interpretation of the phrase in a historical narrative. The reference to Jer_32:20, etc., too, is considered irrelevant, the contrast in these passages being between Israel and other nations, not, as here, between men and God. Nor can a narrower signification (daughters of worldly men) be attached to “men” in Gen_6:2 than to “men” in Gen_6:1, where the reference is to the human race in general. This passage (Gen_6:1-4), therefore, which is the only one of its kind, is considered to be out of its place and to have been inserted here by the compiler as an introduction to the story of the Flood (Gen_6:5-8). The intention of the original writer, however, was to account for the rise of the giant race of antiquity by the union of demigods with human wives. This interpretation accords with Enoch chapters 6 through 7, etc., and with Jud_1:6 f, where the unnatural sin of the men of Sodom who went after “strange flesh” is compared with that of the angels (compare 2Pe_2:4 ff). (See Havernick, Introduction to the Pentateuch; Hengstenberg on the Pentateuch, I, 325; Oehler, Old Testament Theology, I, 196 f; Schultz, Old Testament Theology, I, 114 ff; Commentary on Genesis by Delitzsch, Dillmann, and Driver.)

From G.H. Pember, M.A

“The sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose” (Gen. vi, 2). These words are often explained to signify nothing more than the intermarriage of the descendants of Cain and Seth; but a careful examination of the passage will elicit a far deeper meaning. When men, we are told, began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, the sons of God saw the daughters of men (Gen. vi. 1-2). Now by “men”, in each case the whole human race is evidently signified, the descendants of Cain and Seth alike. Hence the “sons of God” are plainly distinguished from the generation of Adam. Again, the expression “sons of God (Elohim)” occurs but four times in other parts of the Old Testament, and is in each of these cases indisputably used for angelic beings.” (Earth’s Earliest Ages, p 129-130).

From Flavius Josephus', a first century Jewish Historian

“Now this posterity of Seth continued to esteem God as the Lord of the universe, and to have an entire regard to virtue, for seven generations; but in process of time they were perverted, and forsook the practices of their forefathers; and did neither pay those honors to God which were appointed them, nor had they any concern to do justice towards men. But for what degree of zeal they had formerly shown for virtue, they now showed by their actions a double degree of wickedness, whereby they made God to be their enemy. For many angels of God accompanied with women, and begat sons that proved unjust, and despisers of all that was good, on account of the confidence they had in their own strength; for the tradition is, that these men did what resembled the acts of those whom the Grecians call giants. But Noah was very uneasy at what they did; and being displeased at their conduct, persuaded them to change their dispositions and their acts for the better: but seeing they did not yield to him, but were slaves to their wicked pleasures, he was afraid they would kill him, together with his wife and children, and those they had married; so he departed out of that land.”

(The Antiquities of the Jews, Book 1, Chapter 3).

From Justin Martyr

" God, when he had made the whole world, and subjected things earthly to man, and arranged the heavenly elements for the increase of fruits and rotation of the seasons, and appointed this divine law-for these things also He evidently made for man committed the care of men and of all things under heaven to angels whom He appointed over them. But the angels transgressed this appointment, and were captivated by love of women, and begat children, who are those that are called demons, and besides, they afterwards subdued the human race to themselves, partly by magical writings, and partly by fears and the punishments they occasioned, and partly by teaching them to offer sacrifices, and incense and libations, of which things they stood in need after they were enslaved by lustful passions; and among men they sowed murders, wars, adulteries, intemperate deeds, and all wickedness. Whence also the poets and mythologists, not knowing that it was the angels and those demons who had been begotten by them that did these things to men, and women, and cities, and nations, which they related, ascribed them to God Himself [i.e. Jupiter], and to those who were accounted to be His very offspring, and to the offspring of those who were called His brothers, Neptune and Pluto, and to the children again of these their offspring. For whatever name each of the angels had given to himself and his children, by that name they called them."- (Writings of Justin Martyr and Athenagoras. Transl. Clark's Ante-Nic. Lib. Vol. ii, pp. 75, 76.)

From Philo Judaeus, a contemporary of Josephus’

“II. (6) "And when the angels of God saw the daughters of men that they were beautiful, they took unto themselves wives of all of them whom they chose." Those beings, whom other philosophers call demons, Moses usually calls angels; and they are souls hovering in the air. (7) And let no one suppose, that what is here stated is a fable, for it is necessarily true that the universe must be filled with living things in all its parts, since every one of its primary and elementary portions contains its appropriate animals and such as are consistent with its nature;” (The Works of Philo, Chapter 9, “On Giants”, section II).

That is all of the references I will list pertaining to the phrase “sons of God” as that phrase is used in the Old Testament. There is much more information available concerning this topic if one wanted to look. I have tried to stay away from online sources in any of my above references strictly because the internet is notorious for “less than accurate” information. The above mentioned references are from established and recognized commentaries, expositions, dictionaries, a respected book written in the late 19th century by G.H. Pember, Flavius Josephus', a very well known first century Historian, Philo Judaeus, a contemporary of Josephus who was well received by the early Church, and others.

I think I have supplied enough solid references (there are more) to establish the fact that the term “sons of God” as used in the Old Testament, refers to angelic beings. But to be honest, if you study this topic in depth, you will find scholars who refute the angelic view of Gen. 6.

Later, I will cover the Sethite view which basically states that the “sons of God” were the sons of Seth, and the “daughters of men” are the daughters of Cain, and I will give my reasons for disputing this view

It seems apparent to me that in every reference to “sons of God” used in the Old Testament the inference is clearly angels or angelic beings. I believe a lot of scholars agree with this view as is supported by some of the above mentioned references.

Why is it that the same phrase “sons of God” used in Genesis chapter 6 is understood by many to refer only to men, or judges and rulers?

I think many people are so uncomfortable with the “angelic” interpretation that they cannot accept the supernatural explanation for that verse. The implications of it so boggles the mind that they refuse to even give it an honest look, preferring to instantly shove it aside as a foolish fairy tale with no basis in fact.

What about the New Testament?

 There is a difference in the usage of the term “sons of God” from the Old Testament to the New Testament. In the OT, the term “sons of God” clearly refers to angelic beings, and not men.

But in the NT, the term “sons of God” seems to no longer be referring to angels, but rather to men. But it is clear from the context of the usage that not all men are the “sons of God”. In other words, we are not naturally born into this world as a “son of God”, we must be adopted into his family by faith, thereby becoming a “son of God”. No such requirement is stated or implied concerning the “sons of God” of the Old Testament.

New Testament References:

John 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:

Rom 8:14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.

Rom 8:19 For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God.

Php 2:15 That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world;

1Jn 3:1 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.

1Jn 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.

 - By faith we are adopted into the Lord’s family and called “sons of God”. I believe the context indicates a clear difference between the benē 'ĕlōhı̄m (“sons of God”) of the Old Testament which were shouting for joy at the laying of the foundation of the earth, and the sons of God of the New Testament which are adopted into the family of God by faith in Christ Jesus and thereafter are called “sons of God”.

The following quote from Lewis Sperry Chafer says it better that I do.“In the Old Testament terminology, angels are called sons of God while men are called servants of God. In the New Testament this is reversed. Angels are the servants and Christians are the Sons of God” (L.S. Chafer, Systematic Theology, Vol. 2, Dallas Seminary Press)

The Sethite view of Genesis 6

The extremely simplified version of the Sethite view says that the godly sons of Seth became defiled by the un-godly daughters of Cain. The following is from Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible in which he explains the Sethite view in some detail.

(From Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible)“There are two stages of evil set forth in Gen_6:1-4 - the one contained in the present four verses, and the other in the following. The former refers to the apostasy of the descendants of Sheth, and the cause and consequences of it. When man began to multiply, the separate families of Cain and Sheth would come into contact. The daughters of the stirring Cainites, distinguished by the graces of nature, the embellishments of art, and the charms of music and song, even though destitute of the loftier qualities of likemindedness with God, would attract attention and prompt to unholy alliances. The phrase “sons of God,” means an order of intelligent beings who “retain the purity of moral character” originally communicated, or subsequently restored, by their Creator. They are called the sons of God, because they have his spirit or disposition. The sons of God mentioned in Job_38:7, are an order of rational beings existing before the creation of man, and joining in the symphony of the universe, when the earth and all things were called into being. Then all were holy, for all are styled the sons of God. Such, however, are not meant in the present passage. For they were not created as a race, have no distinction of sex, and therefore no sexual desire; they “neither marry nor are given in marriage” Mat_22:30. It is contrary to the law of nature (Ed’s note: contrary to God’s Law!) for different species even on earth to cohabit in a carnal way; much more for those in the body, and those who have not a body of flesh. Moreover, we are here in the region of humanity, and not in the sphere of superhuman spirits; and the historian has not given the slightest intimation of the existence of spiritual beings different from man.

The sons of God, therefore, are those who are on the Lord’s side, who approach him with duly significant offerings, who call upon him by his proper name, and who walk with God in their daily conversation. The figurative use of the word “son” to denote a variety of relations incidental, and moral as well as natural, was not unfamiliar to the early speaker. Thus, Noah is called “the son of five hundred years” Gen_5:32. Abraham calls Eliezer בן־בותי ben-bēytı^y, “son of my house” Gen_15:3. The dying Rachel names her son Ben-oni, “son of my sorrow,” while his father called him Benjamin, “son of thy right hand” Gen_35:18. An obvious parallel to the moral application is presented in the phrases “the seed of the woman” and “the seed of the serpent.” The word “generations” תולדות to^ledot, Gen_5:1) exhibits a similar freedom and elasticity of meaning, being applied to the whole doings of a rational being, and even to the physical changes of the material world Gen_2:4. The occasion for the present designation is furnished in the remark of Eve on the birth of Sheth. God hath given me another seed instead of Habel. Her son Sheth she therefore regarded as the son of God. Accordingly, about the birth of his son Enosh, was begun the custom calling upon the name of the Lord, no doubt in the family circle of Adam, with whom Sheth continued to dwell. And Enok, the seventh from Adam in the same line, exhibited the first striking example of a true believer walking with God in all the intercourse of life. These descendants of Sheth, among whom were also Lamek who spoke of the Lord, and Noah who walked with God, are therefore by a natural transition called the sons of God, the godlike in a moral sense, being born of the Spirit, and walking not after the flesh, but after the Spirit Psa_82:6; Hos_2:1.

Some take “the daughters of man” to be the daughters of the Cainites only. But it is sufficient to understand by this phrase, the daughters of man in general, without any distinction of a moral or spiritual kind, and therefore including both Cainite and Shethite females. “And they took them wives of all whom they chose.” The evil here described is that of promiscuous intermarriage, without regard to spiritual character. The godly took them wives of all; that is, of the ungodly as well as the godly families, without any discrimination. “Whom they chose,” not for the godliness of their lives, but for the goodliness of their looks. Ungodly mothers will not train up children in the way they should go; and husbands who have taken the wrong step of marrying ungodly wives cannot prove to be very exemplary or authoritative fathers. Up to this time they may have been consistent as the sons of God in their outward conduct. But a laxity of choice proves a corresponding laxity of principle. The first inlet of sin prepares the way for the flood-gates of iniquity. It is easy to see that now the degeneracy of the whole race will go on at a rapid pace.”

**For a more comprehensive look at the Sethite interpretation of Gen. 6, see “Fallen Angels and Heroes of Mythology, chapter 2, by Rev. John Fleming**

 There are numerous resources available to delve deeply into this theory if one is inclined to do so, and in my opinion, if a student of prophecy really wishes to understand Genesis 6, it is only fair to honestly look at all available information, and then make an informed decision as to what you believe this all means. I have examined the Sethite interpretation of Gen. 6 but in my opinion, it takes more imagination to squeeze this interpretation out of the text than it does to simply understand it for what it actually implies.

Some of the things that cross my mind when I read the Sethite view of Gen. 6 are……

Why would God destroy “man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air”, just because some of the sons of Seth married un-godly women?

I notice that the judgment is pronounced not only against man, but also beasts, creeping things, and fowls of the air. How could the sons of Seth marrying un-Godly women cause God to want to destroy a lot of his animal creation as well? During the creation account of Genesis, God saw all the things he was creating and pronounced it good. I believe that if God wanted to destroy corrupted man and save the rest of his creation that he had already pronounced as “good”, he could have done so. But notice that God said that even the animal creation was corrupt. The book of Jonah tells me that God cares for his creation, man and beast, therefore there must have been a reason to destroy both!

John 4:11 And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle? “

Destroying the earth and most things on it is a DRASTIC measure. At least 3700+ years have passed since the flood and Godly men and un-Godly women (and vice versa) have continued to intermingle during this entire time. Why no further judgment? If God considered the first cases of corruption (by un-Godly marriages) to be cause for rapid judgment, why has so much more time passed now without further drastic judgment upon the whole earth?

Why does the text seem to emphasize the difference between the “sons of God” and the “daughters of men”? (“the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair;”)

Why does the term “sons of God” refer to angels in every other place it is used in the Old Testament, but this verse in Gen. 6 is supposed to refer to men?

Why did the marriage of the Godly “sons of Seth” and the un-Godly “daughters of men” produce un-natural offspring called Nephilim (giants)? Why not just sons and daughters?

If the marriage of a Godly son of Seth and a ungodly, or lowly woman of Cain produced un-natural offspring called Nephilim (or giants), then why don’t marriages today between a believer and a non-believer also produce un-natural offspring?

A person could think of other “problems” with the Sethite view but the ones listed above encapsulate the reasons why I started looking elsewhere for an explanation to Gen. 6.

Below are listed a couple of other arguments used by some people to justify the Sethite view.

“A contradictory yet enlightening statement about angel marriages was made by Jesus which was reported in Matthew 22:30; "For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven."  Here we read a statement from Jesus saying that angels do not get married.  A possible explanation for this is that the "sons of God" were the descendants of Seth, and "the daughters of men" were of the godless Cainites.  Remember, God later spoke of the people of Israel as His ‘firstborn son" (Exodus 4:22), and Moses called the people of Israel "children of the Lord your God" (Deuteronomy 14:1).

Therefore, when they took wives it was an unholy alliance between Sethites (God's people) and Cainites (idol worshipers). Also, the word "wives" seems to indicate more than one and therefore suggests taking more than one wife (polygamy).”

(Ed’s Note: True, angels of God in heaven (Holy Angels) do not marry. But what about the fallen angels who kept not their first estate (Heaven) but rather chose to rebel against God, come to Earth and commit unpardonable acts against God’s creation, both man and beast? Is there anything that says that they, in their rebellion, could not have taken wives of all they chose, with the intent to corrupt the creation of the very God they were rebelling against? See article below entitled “Fall of Angels”)

And then there’s this:

“Rulers in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia often proclaimed themselves as "sons of God" to enhance their power and prestige. So, another view with much support is that the "sons of God" were power-hungry rulers and despots, who, in their hunger for power and influence, took many wives in polygamy. They, and their offspring, through tyranny, became "mighty men." (Nimrod was described as a "mighty one" in Genesis 10:8.)”

The following is an article form The first part of the article explains how Apocalyptic writings say the “sons of God” were fallen angels, but the second part of the article goes on to explain how later Jewish tradition changed this view to the “sons of God” being magistrates and judges.



In Apocalyptic Writings, The conception of fallen angels—angels who, for willful, rebellious conduct against God, or through weakness under temptation, forfeited their angelic dignity, were degraded and condemned to a life of mischief or shame on earth or in a place of punishment—is wide-spread. Indications of this belief, behind which probably lies the symbolizing of an astronomical phenomenon, the shooting stars, are met with in Isa. xiv. 12 (comp. Job xxxviii. 31, 32; see Constellations). But it is in apocalyptic writings that this notion assumes crystallized definiteness and is brought into relations with the theological problem of the origin and nature of evil and sin. That Satan fell from heaven with the velocity of lightning is a New Testament conception (Luke x. 18; Rev. xii. 7-10). Originally Satan was one of God's angels, Lucifer, who, lusting for worldly power, was degraded. Samael (Yalk., Gen. 25), originally the chief of the angels around God's throne, becomes the angel of death and the "chieftain of all the Satans" (Deut. R. xi. ; comp. Matt. xxv. 41).

But it is especially Samḥazai and Azael of whom the fall is narrated. In Targ. Pseudo-Jonathan to Gen. vi. 4 they appear as the "nephilim" (A. V. "giants"), undoubtedly in consequence of an incorrect interpretation of this word as "those that fell from heaven." The story of these two angels is found in brief form in Yalḳ., Gen. 44; it has been published by Jellinek ("B. H." iv. 127; originally in Midrash Abkir; comp. Rashi, Yoma 67b; Geiger, "Was Hat Mohammed aus dem Judenthume Aufgenommen?" p. 107).

Woman the Cause of Fall.

As in the case of man, so in that of the angels woman was the cause of the lapse. Naamah, the wife of Noah (Gen. R. xxiii. 3), was one of the women whose great beauty tempted the angels to sin (Naḥmanides to Gen. iv. 22). As regards Azazel and Samḥazai, mentioned above, it was a young woman named ("Isṭar," "Esther") that proved fatal to their virtue. These angels, seeing God's grief over the corruption of the sons of men (Gen. vi. 2-7), volunteered to descend to earth for the purpose of proving their contention that, as they had foretold at the creation of Adam, the weakness of man (Ps. viii. 5) was alone responsible for his immorality. In their new surroundings they themselves yielded to the blandishments of women. Samḥazai especially became passionately enamored of Isṭar. She, however, would yield to his importunities only on the condition that he tell her the name of Yhwh (see God, Names of), by virtue of which he was to return to heaven. As soon as she was possessed of the secret, she rose to heaven herself, and God rewarded her constancy by assigning her a place in the constellation of Kimah. Samḥazai and his companion thereupon took to themselves wives and begat children (comp. the bene Elohim, Gen. vi. 4). Meṭaṭron soon after sends word to Samḥazai concerning the approaching flood. This announcement of the world's and his own children's impending doom brings Samḥazai to repentance, and he suspends himself midway between heaven and earth, in which penitent position he has remained ever since. Azazel, who deals in rich adornments and fine garments for women, continues in his evil ways, seducing men by his fanciful wares (hence the goat sent to Azazel on the Day of Atonement). (Ed’s note: this is referencing the “scape-goat”)

Variants of this story are not rare. According to Pirḳe R. El. xxii., "the angels that fell from heaven," seeing the shameless attire of the men and women in Cain's family, had intercourse with the women, and in consequence were deprived of their garment of flaming fire and were clothed in ordinary material of dust. They also lost their angelic strength and stature. Samael was the leader of a whole band of rebellious angels (ib. xiii.).

In the Book of Enoch eighteen angels are named (Enoch, vi. 7) as chief participators in the conspiracy to mate with women. Samiaza is the leader, and Azael is one of the number (but see Charles, "Book of Enoch," p. 61, note to vi.-xi.). Azael, however, imparts to men all sorts of useful as well as secret knowledge and the art of beautifying eyes (Enoch, viii. 1; comp. Targ. Pseudo-Jon. to Gen. vi. 4). For other versions of the story or reminiscences thereof, see Book of Jubilees, v. 1, 6-11; vii. 21, 25; Test. Patr., Reuben, 5, and Naphtali, 31; Josephus, "Ant." i. 3, § 1; Philo, "De Gigantibus."

(Ed’s note: The following part of the article shows how the earlier tradition of fallen angels was changed to refer to men only. The reason given for the change isn’t that the Jewish scholars found the earlier beliefs to be untrue, but rather they were “shocked at the notion of the angels fall”. The cabalists still hold to the earlier interpretation.)

Later Jewish Tradition.

The later Jewish tradition, shocked at the notion of the angels' fall, insisted upon interpreting the bene Elohim of Gen. vi. 1-4 as referring to men (Gen. R. xxvi.: "sons of judges"; comp. Tryphon in Justin, "Dial. cum Tryph." p.79). The Samaritan version reads ; Onḳelos, . The "Sefer ha-Yashar" ("Bereshit," end) ascribes the shameful conduct to magistrates and judges (see Charles, "Book of Jubilees," p. 33, note).

The cabalists give the older view. In the Zohar (iii. 208, ed. Mantua) Aza and Azael fall and are punished by being chained to the mountains of darkness. According to another passage (i. 37), these two rebelled against God and were hurled from heaven, and they now teach men all kinds of sorcery (for other quotations from cabalistic commentaries on the Pentateuch see Grünbaum, "Gesammelte Aufsäze zur Sprach- und Sagenkunde," p. 71).

Allusions to these fallen angels occur also in the Koran (sura ii. 96); but their names are there given as "Harut" and "Marut." Their fate in Arabic tradition is identical with that of Samḥazai and Azael (Geiger, l.c. p. 109). The refusal to worship Adam (suras ii. 32, vii. 11, xv. 29, xxxviii. 73) brings on the Fall, just as it does in the Midrash Bereshit Rabbati of R. Moses ha-Darshan (see Grünbaum, l.c. p. 70).

(Read more:

 **For a more comprehensive look at the Jewish interpretation of Gen. 6, see “Fallen Angels and Heroes of Mythology, chapter 1, by Rev. John Fleming**

The following paragraph is from the book, “The Fallen Angels”, by Rev John Fleming. The man he is referring to (Dr. Adam Clarke) disagrees with Dr. Walls’ view of Gen. 6. Dr. Adam Clarke accepts the angelic explanation while Dr. Walls promotes the Sethite interpretation.

Dr. Adam Clarke (Holy Bible, with Commentary and Notes, &c. London: 1836), in his observations on Gen. vi. 1, having noticed the Sethite and Cainite explanation, and rejected that for which we contend, says, “Dr. Wall supposes the first verses of this chapter should be paraphrased thus - '’When men began to multiply on the earth, the chief men took wives of all the handsome poor women they chose. There were tyrants in the earth in those days: also, after the antediluvian days, powerful men had unlawful connexions with the inferior women, and the children which sprang from this illicit commerce, were the renowned heroes of antiquity, of whom the heathens made their gods.’”

**An article that refutes the Sethite interpretation of Genesis 6, written by Chuck Missler, is included on this disc.**

I will include here an excerpt from the Book of Jasher dealing with the subject matter at hand. The interesting thing about it is that it mentions “judges and rulers”, not “sons of God”. Some people more knowledgeable than I say that ancient versions of the Book of Jasher say “the fallen angels” but were later changed to “their judges and rulers”, just as the previous article from the Jewish Encyclopedia suggested.

Jasher 4:18 And their judges and rulers went to the daughters of men and took their wives by force from their husbands according to their choice, and the sons of men in those days took from the cattle of the earth, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the air, and taught the mixture of animals of one species with the other, in order therewith to provoke the Lord; and God saw the whole earth and it was corrupt, for all flesh had corrupted its ways upon earth, all men and all animals.

The following snippet is from an article where the author gives their interpretation of this passage in the Book of Jasher. Forgive me for not being able to find my information on who this author was.

“The book of Jasher, which is mentioned in the Bible in Joshua 10:13 and 2 Samuel 1.18 says, "After the fallen angels went into the daughters of men, [then] the sons of men taught the mixture of animals of one species with the other, in order to provoke the Lord" (4:18).  The Book of Enoch says that fallen angels not only merged their DNA with women, but that "they began to sin against birds, and beasts, and reptiles, and fish" (7:5; 6)”

While I’m on the subject of the Book of Jasher, I’ll include a part of an article from which deals with this particular book.

What about the Book of Jasher?

The Book of Jasher is twice mentioned in the Old Testament.

Joshua 10:13 "And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day."

2 Samuel 1:18 "(Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)"

It is because of these two quotes that we know that the book existed prior to Joshua and 2 Samuel. Jasher is an excellent history. It is not considered inspired, but other than a couple of oddities, which could be due to translation, I do not see any issues with the 1840 version. There is another version that is incomplete and does have some inconsistencies. Jasher fills in quite a few useful details where the scripture is very brief. It is brief where the scripture is more complete. I would say that Jasher compliments the scripture.


But what about the Book of Jubilees, what does it have to say?


The Book of Jubilees

[Chapter 5]  
1 And it came to pass when the children of men began to multiply on the face of the earth and daughters were born unto them, that the angels of God saw them on a certain year of this jubilee, that they were beautiful to look upon; and they took themselves wives of all whom they
2 chose, and they bare unto them sons and they were giants. And lawlessness increased on the earth and all flesh corrupted its way, alike men and cattle and beasts and birds and everything that walks on the earth -all of them corrupted their ways and their orders, and they began to devour each other, and lawlessness increased on the earth and every imagination of the thoughts of all men
3 (was) thus evil continually. And God looked upon the earth, and behold it was corrupt, and all flesh had corrupted its orders, and all that were upon the earth had wrought all manner of evil
4 before His eyes. And He said that He would destroy man and all flesh upon the face of the earth
5, 6 which He had created. But Noah found grace before the eyes of the Lord. And against the angels whom He had sent upon the earth, He was exceedingly wroth, and He gave commandment to root them out of all their dominion, and He bade us to bind them in the depths of the earth, and
7 behold they are bound in the midst of them, and are (kept) separate. And against their sons went forth a command from before His face that they should be smitten with the sword, and be removed
8 from under heaven. And He said 'My spirit shall not always abide on man; for they also are flesh
9 and their days shall be one hundred and twenty years'. And He sent His sword into their midst that each should slay his neighbour, and they began to slay each other till they all fell by the sword
10 and were destroyed from the earth. And their fathers were witnesses (of their destruction), and after this they were bound in the depths of the earth for ever, until the day of the great condemnation, when judgment is executed on all those who have corrupted their ways and their works before

11 the Lord. And He destroyed all from their places, and there was not left one of them whom
12 He judged not according to all their wickedness. And he made for all his works a new and righteous nature, so that they should not sin in their whole nature for ever, but should be all
13 righteous each in his kind alway. And the judgment of all is ordained and written on the heavenly tablets in righteousness -even (the judgment of) all who depart from the path which is ordained for them to walk in; and if they walk not therein, judgment is written down for every creature and
14 for every kind.

The Book of Jubilees was one of the books found among the Dead Sea Scrolls at Qumran, in cave number one to be exact. Other ancient scrolls found in cave one includes:





A complete copy of the Book of Isaiah, and copies of the following either whole or in part: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy, Judges, I and II Samuel, Ezekiel, Psalms, Jubilees, Book of Noah, Genesis Apocryphon, Book of the Giants (Enoch), Daniel, War Scroll, Sayings of Moses, Wisdom Text, Book of Mysteries, Liturgical Prayers, Hymns, and several more!

I would like to include a passage out of one of the books mentioned above, the Genesis Apocryphon. It refers to Lamech and tells a story about him going on a long journey only to return home and find his wife pregnant (with Noah). The translation below is the exact translation of this story and several lines are missing or are incomplete. This tale picks up at the point that Lamech has just got home and found out that his wife is pregnant.

“Then I considered whether the pregnancy was due to the Watchers and Holy Ones, or (should be ascribed) to the Nephil[im], and I grew perturbed about this child.

Then I, Lamech, became afraid and went to Batenosh, [my] w[ife … saying, "Dec]lare [to me] by the Most High, by the Lord of Greatness, by the E[ternal] King [whether the child comes from the] heavenly beings! Everything will you truthfully tell me, whether [ … … ] you will tell me without lies: is this [ … … swear] by the Eternal King until you speak truthfully to me and not with lies [ … ]." Then Batenosh my wife spoke with me forcefully. [She wept and said, "O my brother and master, recall for yourself my pregnancy [ … … ] marital relations, and my breath within its sheath (?). (Can) I truthfully [tell you] everythin[g?]" [ … … ] then I was perturbed even more.

When Batenosh my wife noticed that my face had changed (its) expression [ … … ] then she gained control of her emotion(s) and spoke with me. She said to me, "O my master and [brother, recall for yourself] my pregnancy. I swear to you by the Great Holy One, by the Ruler of Hea[ven] that this seed is yours, that this pregnancy is from you, that from you is the planting of [this] fruit [and that it is] not from any alien, or from any of the Watchers, or from any heavenly bein[g. Why has the appearance] of your face changed like this upon you? And (why) is it disfigured, and your spirit dejected like this? [ … for I] tell you (this) truthfully.

Then I, Lamech, hurried to Methuselah, my father, and [communicated] all this to him [so that he might consult Enoch] his father, and come to know everything with certainty from him since he is loved and fav[ored by God, and with the Holy Ones] has his lot been apportioned, and (hence) they (God and the angels) reveal everything to him.”

Text from: 

Obviously this book, (Genesis Apocryphon), is not scripture and should not be considered as such. But someone thought enough about it to store it in a cave in Qumran with other well known books of the Bible. Whether this story has any truth to it or not is completely irrelevant, the thing that interests me is the historical content. This story, and others like it, shows that the ancient Jewish people thought there was something to all of this, and that is what gets my attention!

Then there’s this from the book “Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. IV, Commodianus, The Instructions of Commodianus”, translated by Robert Ernest Wallis.

The Worship of Demons.

“When Almighty God, to beautify the nature of the world, willed that that earth should be visited by angels, when they were sent down they despised His laws. Such was the beauty of women, that it turned them aside; so that, being contaminated, they could not return to heaven. Rebels from God, they uttered words against Him. Then the Highest uttered His judgment against them; and from their seed giants are said to have been born. By them arts were made known in the earth, and they taught the dyeing of wool, and everything which is done; and to them, when they died, men erected images. But the Almighty, because they were of an evil seed, did not approve that, when dead, they should be brought back from death.  Whence wandering they now subvert many bodies, and it is such as these especially that ye this day worship and pray to as gods.”

One of the pivotal books in the study of this subject is the Book of Enoch. A copy of this book was also found among the scrolls in the cave at Qumran. Following this I will include excerpts from that book detailing the story of what went on in the days prior to the judgment of the Flood.





The Book of Enoch is not scripture. It should not be considered as inspired. Just as the Book of Jasher, the Book of Jubilees, the Genesis Apocryphon, and others are not considered inspired scripture. But what can be gleaned from these books is their historic content. They reflect early Jewish beliefs and thoughts on what transpired in antediluvian days.

St. Augustine in his book “The City of God” (written in the early 5th century) explains one of the reasons for not admitting the Book of Enoch into the Bible.

“Then again, Enoch, the seventh in descent from Adam, is said to have prophesied; and the authority for this is the canonical epistle of the apostle Jude. But the excessive antiquity of the writings of those men has had the effect of preventing their acceptance, either by the Jew or by us, as authoritative; on account of their remoteness in time it seemed advisable to hold them suspect, for fear of advancing false claims to authenticity.” (St. Augustine, The City of God, Book XVIII, Chapter 38)

Even in St. Augustine’s day (4th-5th century A.D.), the Book of Enoch was considered very old, ancient, so much so that neither Jew, or Christian scholars could verify or deny who the author of that book really was.

The thing that interests me is the possible historic content of the book. Even though this book should not be considered authoritative (and rightfully so), it still has its roots in antiquity and therefore reflects the thoughts and beliefs of the people living in those days. People who were not very far removed from the events portrayed in that book.

Could it be that they had a more perfect memory of events (passed down by Noah and his family) that transpired pre-flood than we do today 3000+ years later?

There are some modern day researchers that claim the Book of Enoch is a forgery which originated around 200 B.C., and in fact, a copy of the book found with the Dead Sea scrolls dates to about this time.

“Some of the scrolls are, indeed, ancient. The Enoch scroll was copied in Aramaic (a form of Hebrew) sometime between 200-150 B.C.”


If Jude (in his Epistle), quoted the Book of Enoch, then common sense says that the Book of Enoch existed prior to the writing of the Book of Jude. When was the Book of Jude written?

“This book (Jude) was written after the Epistle of Second Peter. Second Peter was written around 66 A.D. and as far as we have record, Jude was written about 67-70 A.D. The reason that we believe it was written after is because Jude quotes (2 Pet. 2:17, 18) in this epistle.” (

So therefore, the Book of Enoch would have to exist before 67-70 A.D. The dating of the book puts it back to at least 200-150 B.C., but the manuscript found in the cave is certainly a copy, not the original, therefore the original could be much older.

Until I see evidence to the contrary, I’m going to think that the Book of Enoch is an ancient manuscript (although not inspired scripture).

Another reason for this is that the Book of Jasher, which is quoted in Jos. 10:13 and 2Sam. 1:18 addresses most of the same subjects as the Book of Enoch does, including the subject of the “sons of God/judges and rulers” in chapter 4:18. It also addresses not only the intermingling of the “judges and rulers” (sons of God) with the daughters of men, but also the “mixture of animals of one species with the other”, and the fact that “all flesh had corrupted its ways upon earth, all men and all animals.” All of this same subject matter is addressed in the Book of Enoch.

Since the Book of Jasher was mentioned in Joshua and 2 Samuel, then it had to pre-date those books. The Book of Joshua is believed to have been written anywhere between 1400 and 1370 B.C. and the Book of 2 Samuel is believed to have been written around 913 B.C. Regardless, it is known that the Book of Jasher pre-dates these two books of the Bible, or else these two biblical books could not refer to it. (Common sense)

My point is that both the Book of Enoch and the Book of Jasher address most of the same issues when it comes to the subject matter at hand, namely the “sons of God”, and what was transpiring on Earth in pre-flood days. Since the Book of Jasher can be established as an ancient manuscript, then I have no trouble accepting the Book of Enoch as an ancient manuscript also. (By ancient I mean much older than the 200-150 B.C. copy from the cave at Qumran)

If the Book of Enoch was a forgery, why would someone go to the trouble of making up such fantastic fables about angels, daughters of men, Nephilim, and all kinds of mischief?

Why go the trouble of making up a forged manuscript which copies some of the material contained in the much older Book of Jasher?

The Book of Enoch 1 (Ethiopic Apocalypse of Enoch)

Chapter 1

1. The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous,

who will be living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be


2. And he took up his parable and said -Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were

opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels

showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw,

 but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is for to come.

3. Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them: The Holy

 Great One will come forth from His dwelling,

4. And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai,
[And appear from His camp]

And appear in the strength of His might from the
heaven of heavens.

5. And all shall be smitten with fear
And the Watchers shall quake,
And great fear and trembling shall seize them unto the ends of the earth.

6. And the high mountains shall be shaken,
And the high hills shall be made low,
And shall melt like wax before the flame

7. And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder,
And all that is upon the earth shall perish,
And there shall be a judgement upon all

8. But with the righteous He will make peace.
And will protect the elect,
And mercy shall be upon them.

And they shall all belong to God,
And they shall be prospered,
And they shall all be blessed.

And He will help them all,
And light shall appear unto them,
And He will make peace with them'.

9. And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones
To execute judgement upon all,
And to destroy all the ungodly:
And to convict all flesh Of all the works of their

 ungodliness which they have ungodly committed,
And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against


(Ed’s note: Verse 9 above is the verse that is believed to be quoted by

Jude in his epistle.)

(Skip forward to Chapter 6, the part relevant to this study)



What does the inspired Holy Scriptures say about all of this?

Jud 1:6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.

Jud 1:7 Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. The following is from Kenneth Wuest in his word study entitled, “Word Studies in the Greek New Testament”, and is in reference to this passage in the Book of Jude. 



“This verse begins with hos, an adverb of comparison having meanings of "in the same manner as, after the fashion of, as, just as." Here it introduces a comparison showing a likeness between the angels of verse 6 and the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah of this verse. But the likeness between them lies deeper than the fact that both were guilty of committing sin. It extends to the fact that both were guilty of the same identical sin. The punctuation of the A.V. [KJV] is misleading, as an examination of Greek text discloses.

The A.V. punctuation gives the reader the impression that Sodom and Gomorrah committed fornication and that the cities about them committed fornication in like manner to the two cities named. . . . The words "in like manner" are related to the verbal forms, "giving themselves over to fornication" and "going after strange flesh." In addition to all this, the Greek text has toutois, "to these." Thus, the translation should read, "just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities about them, in like manner to these, having given themselves over to fornication and having gone after strange flesh." The sense of the entire passage (vv.6, 7) is that the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities about them, in like manner to these (the angels), have given themselves over to fornication and have gone after strange flesh. That means that the sin of the fallen angels was fornication.” (pp. 241-242, vol. II, Word Studies in the Greek New Testament)

The Book of Jude, the next to last book of the Bible, talks about the “angels which kept not their first estate”, the angels which gave “themselves over to fornication”, the angels who went “after strange flesh”. This is in black and white in the inspired word of God, and is beyond dispute.

Anyone can rightfully question what is contained in any non-biblical book (i.e. Enoch, etc.), but if someone disputes or questions what is plainly written in the Book of Jude, then they are questioning the inspiration of scripture itself!

2Ti 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

 Like it or not, the Book of Jude says what it says. Also the Book of 2nd Peter 2:4-5 refers to the “angels that sinned” as shown below.

2Pe 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;

2Pe 2:5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;

The Apostle Peter does not go into detail about what the sin of the angels was, but the language he uses i.e. , “cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment” is very reminiscent of the following in the Book of Enoch, “Bind Azazel hand and foot, and cast him into the darkness” and also this “on the day of the great judgement he shall be cast into the fire”, and finally this, “'Go, bind Semjaza and his associates… bind them fast for seventy generations in the valleys of the earth, till the day of their judgement”, and also very similar to the Book of Jude where it states “he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.”

(The Book of Jubilees also talks about the sinning angels being bound to await judgment)

It would be inappropriate for me to say that Peter was thinking about this passage in the Book of Enoch when he wrote his epistle, but nevertheless, the language similarities are striking.

And consider this also, the angels that sinned have already been cast down to hell and delivered into chains of darkness where they are awaiting judgment. Everything concerning these “angels that sinned” in 2nd Peter 2:4 is in the past tense, it has already happened. If someone argues that the “angels that sinned” were the angels involved in the rebellion against God, which was led by Lucifer (or Satan), then they are saying that all of the fallen angels, Satan included, are already cast into hell, delivered into chains of darkness, and waiting on their final judgment.

How can that be the case if Satan is free to roam the earth and make an appearance before God along with the other “sons of God” as told in the Book of Job?

Job 1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them. Job 1:7 And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.

If all of the fallen angels are currently held in bondage in hell awaiting judgment, then how could they possibly exert influence over mankind and cause some to depart from the faith and give heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils?

1Ti 4:1 Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils;

If all of the fallen angels are already held in chains in hell awaiting judgment (Satan included), then explain the following passage from the Book of Revelation where it says that Satan is not bound until the end of this age just prior to the beginning of the millennial kingdom!

Rev 20:2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,

Rev 20:3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.

I think that proves conclusively that all of the angels involved in the “fall” (or rebellion) are not currently bound in chains in hell awaiting judgment. Some of them are still free to roam “to and fro in the earth” and influence mankind with “doctrines of devils” thereby causing some to depart from the faith.

The Bible references these angels that sinned (and are therefore delivered into chains of darkness) in Jude 1:6 and 2nd Peter 2:4. Let it be noted that 1st Peter 3:19 refers to the spirits in prison, but not specifically angels cast into hell and delivered into chains of darkness. I contend that most of the fallen angels have not been bound and/or judged yet. But there are a few of the angels which committed some act so terrible and unforgivable that they were immediately cast into hell and bound with chains where they are still waiting to this day for that inevitable judgment.

So now we are left with the job of figuring out who these particular “angels that sinned” were, and what they did that was so terrible.

I think that the first clue is to be found in the Book of Genesis, chapter 6. This chapter in the Holy Scripture is the basis for this entire study and I believe that it is here that we can find our first clue regarding the sin of the angels.

“…the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.”

And then there is this from the Book of Jude, which we have already covered.

Jud 1:6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. Jud 1:7 Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.

Then you must consider the multiple extra-biblical sources that tell in some detail about this event. The Book of Enoch, The Book of Jasher, The Book of Jubilees, etc.

Even though it would be an error to consider these books to have the same authority as inspired scripture, they still can give valuable information from an historic perspective. I think it is beyond dispute that these manuscripts (or books) are truly ancient and that many early Jews and Christians believed the events contained in them to be an account of actual events which took place in the days prior to the judgment of the Flood.

The Flood devastated the earth. This was a major judgment in which only one family, the family of Noah, survived!

Something truly horrendous must have occurred that made the Lord God want to destroy the entire earth and its inhabitants and creatures.

The Bible says in Genesis chapter 6 that “every imagination of the thoughts” of the heart of man was “only evil continually” and also that the “earth was filled with violence”. Was this the reason for the destruction of the entire earth, both man and beast? Can’t it be said the same conditions have existed on Earth long after the flood?

Did God get mad because the Godly sons of Seth didn’t keep themselves pure and separate from the lowly women of Cain and therefore he destroyed “both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air”, with the exception of Noah and his family?

Is that really all there was to it? Or could there be a more serious reason that demanded that God react precisely the way he did? Could it be that in order to save his creation, he had to destroy it?

The purpose of God in bringing on the world that widespread destruction, was, we believe, not merely to punish transgressors, but, quite as much or more, to put a period to the unnatural intercourse of angels with daughters of men-to prevent the further commingling of different classes of creatures to obliterate all traces of such intercourse, and to exterminate the monstrous offspring to which it had given rise.” (Rev. John Fleming, “The Fallen Angels and Heroes of Mythology”, chapter 3)

Consider what verse 11 of Genesis 6 says, “The earth also was corrupt before God…” What could possibly be meant by that?

(Definition from Strong’s Concordance on the word “corrupt”)




A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively): - batter, cast off, corrupt (-er, thing), destroy (-er, -uction), lose, mar, perish, spill, spoiler, X utterly, waste (-r).The earth being “corrupt before God” could mean that the earth was ruined, in decay, marred, spoiled, battered, wasted, etc.

The earth and everything on it had only been in existence for approximately 2256 years from the time of Adam to the time of Noah. (source: “The time period from Adam to Noah turns out to be about 2256 years using the LXX and other versions of the Hebrew Bible such as the Vorlage Text”.

In that period of time (~2256 years), the creation on earth became corrupted before God. That was very rapid decay considering that ~3700 years have passed from the flood to present day.

I believe that the earth became corrupt because “the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them”, and that they “taught the mixture of animals of one species with the other”, and ultimately that “all flesh had corrupted its orders

God never intended for this to happen, just as Jesus says in the following verses, referring to the angels not marrying.

Matt. 22:30 For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.

Matt. 12:25 For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven.

The key point to remember is that in both verses Jesus is talking about the angels of God in heaven. These are the Holy Angels, angels who did keep their first estate, they did not fall, they did not rebel against God, they are still aligned with God and in the proper position they were created to fill. They will never marry. They will never have “relations” with women. Marriage was not meant for them, marriage and reproduction was meant for man.

But nowhere is it said that an angel couldn’t “marry” if they wanted to intentionally go against the will of God.(Ed’s note: In this study I use the term “marry” loosely in referring to the sin of the angels. I believe the text and historic record indicate that the sin committed by these angels goes much deeper than just taking a wife, it involves un-natural relations and mixing on various levels which were never intended by God for his creation).

Some would say that it is impossible for an angel to marry because angels are spirit and do not possess physical bodies. To that, I would reply with the following.

Jdg 13:15 And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee.

Jdg 13:16 And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he was an angel of the LORD.

Manoah had a visit from the angel of the Lord. He saw him as a real person, and in fact wanted to detain him to prepare a meal for him. Verse 16 even says that “Manoah knew not that he was an angel of the Lord”.

Gen 18:1 And the LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

Gen 18:2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,

Gen 18:3 And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant:

Gen 18:4 Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:

Gen 18:5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.

Gen 18:6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth.

Gen 18:7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.

Gen 18:8 And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.

Abraham had an encounter with 3 angels. They were real, physical beings, not spirits. They conversed with him and even had a good meal.

Gen 19:1 And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground; Gen 19:2 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night. Gen 19:3 And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat. Gen 19:4 But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter: Gen 19:5 And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them. Gen 19:6 And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him, Gen 19:7 And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly. Gen 19:8 Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.

Ask Lot and the men of Sodom how real these angels were.

And let’s not over look this verse from the Book of Hebrews.

Heb 13:2 Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.

And finally, this is the opinion of the Rev. John Flemming in his book, “The Fallen Angels and Heroes of Mythology”.

The nature of angels, it is alleged, is spiritual and immaterial, and therefore renders impracticable any conjunction of the kind supposed. It might be sufficient to say, in answer to this, that we know too little of the nature, essence, powers, or capabilities of angels, to warrant us in making a positive assertion as to what they can or cannot do: and that, in such case, everything must be regarded as possible, until the absolute impossibility of it be demonstrated.

So, it would appear that angels can and do physically appear to men. They can eat and drink. Sometimes you may not even know that it is an angel you are conversing with. The men of Sodom liked the looks of these two angels so much that they wanted Lot to send them out so they could “know” them. Lot offered them his daughters instead.

The Book of Psalms states that the Lord “maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire (Psalms 104:4)” but there are many verses which talks about the physical reality of the angels and their interaction with man. A Holy Angel will take their commands from the Lord and only do what he instructs them to do. They typically will have little or no interaction with man unless they are specifically commanded to do so and are sent as a messenger, guardian, etc.

But can the same be said of the fallen angels? They chose to follow Lucifer in the rebellion against God. They do as they please (within bounds set by God) in pursuit of their own agenda.

There are a couple of more verses in 1st Peter that deserve to be studied with regard to the subject matter under investigation. At first, the relationship may not be very clear, but with a little digging, I believe these verses can be shown to be significant.

1Pe 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit: 1Pe 3:19 By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison; 1Pe 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.

What is a plausible explanation for the phrase, “he went and preached unto the spirits in prison”?

I will start off by saying that 2nd Peter 2:4, which we just looked at, gives a clue to where this is going. I will try to examine “who” Christ is preaching to, and what he may have been saying to them.

Concerning 1st Peter 3:19, some people interpret this as meaning that the Lord Jesus went and preached unto the dead from Old Testament times. Another theory states that Christ actually preached in the “days of Noah”, but only in the spirit thru Noah, whereas he preached in the flesh during his earthly ministry. But as far as Christ going and preaching unto the “Old Testament Dead”, that really doesn’t sound true to me because nowhere in scripture is it even hinted at that anyone ever receives a “second chance” after death.

What does the text mean when it states that the Lord Jesus “preached” to the spirits in prison?

Does this mean that he went and proclaimed the gospel to them? Take a look at the meaning of the word “preached” in the original Greek.

(From Strong’s Concordance)




Of uncertain affinity; to herald (as a public crier), especially divine truth (the gospel): - preach (-er), proclaim, publish.The word “kērussō” used in this instance can mean to herald, proclaim, publish, and of course, preach. What is not supplied in the text is exactly what is being heralded, proclaimed, or published. It is not necessarily the gospel because there is a specific Greek word used to denote the preaching of the “gospel” and that is “euaggelizō”.

(From Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible)

And preached - The word used here (ἐκήρυξεν ekēruxen) is of a general character, meaning to make a proclamation of any kind, as a crier does, or to deliver a message, and does not necessarily imply that it was the gospel which was preached, nor does it determine anything in regard to the nature of the message. It is not affirmed that he preached the gospel, for if that specific idea had been expressed it would have been rather by another word - εὐαγγελίζω euangelizō.

 (Strong’s Concordance on the word that means preaching the gospel)




From G2095 and G32; to announce good news (“evangelize”) especially the gospel: - declare, bring (declare, show) glad (good) tidings, preach (the gospel).

“The word “kērussō” by itself does not give any indication of the content of the message, a qualifying phrase must be added for that purpose” (source: Kenneth Wuest, Word Studies in the Greek New Testament).

In the New Testament, where ever the word “kērussō” is used, an additional word is included to give context to what is being proclaimed, such as “gospel”. If the word “kērussō” is used by itself without an additional word to show what the message is, then there is no reason to believe that the message being delivered is the gospel. The word “kērussō”, as it is used in

1st Peter 3:19, means only to herald, publish, proclaim, preach, without any indication as to what is being heralded, proclaimed, etc.

So, the only thing that we know so far is that Christ Jesus went and proclaimed something to the “spirits in prison”. We really don’t know yet what that something was, but perhaps we can dig deeper and come up with a theory.

Is it possible that the “spirits in prison” were the “angels that sinned”? The ones mentioned in 2nd Peter 2:4 who were cast into hell and delivered into chains of darkness to await judgment?

2Pe 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; 2Pe 2:5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;

The original Greek word that Peter used in this verse for “hell” is Tartarus. This is the only time this word is used anywhere in scripture. It occurs in this verse only. What is the definition of this word?

(From Strong’s Concordance)





From Τάρταρος Tartaros̄ (the deepest abyss of Hades); to incarcerate in eternal torment: - cast down to hell.

Tartarus, in Greek mythology, is known as the deepest, darkest, place of torment that anyone can possibly descend into, it is even lower that Hades, or hell. (That also seems to go along with Strong’s definition of the word.) So the apostle Peter is saying in 2nd Peter 2:4 that the angels that sinned were cast into Tartarus, the deepest abyss of Hades.

Is it possible that the Lord Jesus went into this place not to proclaim the gospel to the Old Testament dead, but rather to proclaim his complete victory on the cross which sealed the fate of these corrupters of creation, these fallen angels who were bound in chains of darkness to await their judgment?

Col 2:15 And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

“It is interesting to observe how the apostles complement each other. The apostle Paul tells us that Christ appeared to angels (1st Tim. 3:16); the Apostle Peter tells us why and where Christ appeared to angels (1st Peter 3:19, 2nd Peter 2:4), and the Apostle Jude tells us why the angels were there in the first place (Jude 6,7).”

(Dr. I.D.E. Thomas, The Omega Conspiracy, 101).

There were giants in the earth in those days?

“More and more we are finding that mythology in general though greatly contorted very often has some historic base. And the interesting thing is that one myth which occurs over and over again in many parts of the world is that somewhere a long time ago supernatural beings had sexual intercourse with natural women and produced a special breed of people.”

(Francis A. Schaeffer)




What about the Nephilim (Giants) mentioned in Gen. 6 and other apocryphal books?

The best place to start is to look at what the word of God says about these mysterious beings.

Gen 6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.

Gen 14:5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,

Num 13:22 And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)

Num 13:27 And they told him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sentest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this is the fruit of it.

Num 13:28 Nevertheless the people be strong that dwell in the land, and the cities are walled, and very great: and moreover we saw the children of Anak there.

Num 13:32 And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature.

Num 13:33 And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.

Deu 1:28 Whither shall we go up? our brethren have discouraged our heart, saying, The people is greater and taller than we; the cities are great and walled up to heaven; and moreover we have seen the sons of the Anakims there.

Deu 2:10 The Emims dwelt therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims;

Deu 2:11 Which also were accounted giants, as the Anakims; but the Moabites call them Emims.

Deu 2:20 (That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelt therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims; Deu 2:21 A people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; but the LORD destroyed them before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead: Deu 3:1 Then we turned, and went up the way to Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei. Deu 3:2 And the LORD said unto me, Fear him not: for I will deliver him, and all his people, and his land, into thy hand; and thou shalt do unto him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at Heshbon. Deu 3:3 So the LORD our God delivered into our hands Og also, the king of Bashan, and all his people: and we smote him until none was left to him remaining. Deu 3:4 And we took all his cities at that time, there was not a city which we took not from them, threescore cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan. Deu 3:5 All these cities were fenced with high walls, gates, and bars; beside unwalled towns a great many.

Deu 3:6 And we utterly destroyed them, as we did unto Sihon king of Heshbon, utterly destroying the men, women, and children, of every city. Deu 3:7 But all the cattle, and the spoil of the cities, we took for a prey to ourselves. Deu 3:8 And we took at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites the land that was on this side Jordan, from the river of Arnon unto mount Hermon;

Deu 3:9 (Which Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion; and the Amorites call it Shenir;)

Deu 3:10 All the cities of the plain, and all Gilead, and all Bashan, unto Salchah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan. Deu 3:11 For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits was the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.

Deu 3:13 And the rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, being the kingdom of Og, gave I unto the half tribe of Manasseh; all the region of Argob, with all Bashan, which was called the land of giants.

Deu 9:2 A people great and tall, the children of the Anakims, whom thou knowest, and of whom thou hast heard say, Who can stand before the children of Anak!

Jos 11:21 And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities. Jos 11:22 There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained. Jos 12:4 And the coast of Og king of Bashan, which was of the remnant of the giants, that dwelt at Ashtaroth and at Edrei,

Jos 13:12 All the kingdom of Og in Bashan, which reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei, who remained of the remnant of the giants: for these did Moses smite, and cast them out.Jos 14:12 Now therefore give me this mountain, whereof the LORD spake in that day; for thou heardest in that day how the Anakims were there, and that the cities were great and fenced: if so be the LORD will be with me, then I shall be able to drive them out, as the LORD said.

Jos 14:15 And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.

Jos 15:8 And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley of the giants northward:

Jos 15:13 And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, even the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron.

Jos 15:14 And Caleb drove thence the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak. Jos 17:15 And Joshua answered them, If thou be a great people, then get thee up to the wood country, and cut down for thyself there in the land of the Perizzites and of the giants, if mount Ephraim be too narrow for thee.

Jos 18:16 And the border came down to the end of the mountain that lieth before the valley of the son of Hinnom, and which is in the valley of the giants on the north, and descended to the valley of Hinnom, to the side of Jebusi on the south, and descended to Enrogel,

Jos 21:11 And they gave them the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron, in the hill country of Judah, with the suburbs thereof round about it.

Jdg 1:20 And they gave Hebron unto Caleb, as Moses said: and he expelled thence the three sons of Anak. 2Sa 21:16 And Ishbibenob, which was of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass in weight, he being girded with a new sword, thought to have slain David.

2Sa 21:18 And it came to pass after this, that there was again a battle with the Philistines at Gob: then Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Saph, which was of the sons of the giant.

2Sa 21:19 And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam. 2Sa 21:20 And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant. 2Sa 21:22 These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants. 1Ch 20:4 And it came to pass after this, that there arose war at Gezer with the Philistines; at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Sippai, that was of the children of the giant: and they were subdued.

1Ch 20:5 And there was war again with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, whose spear staff was like a weaver's beam.

1Ch 20:6 And yet again there was war at Gath, where was a man of great stature, whose fingers and toes were four and twenty, six on each hand, and six on each foot: and he also was the son of the giant.

1Ch 20:8 These were born unto the giant in Gath; and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants. These are all Old Testament references to giants. They are quite numerous. The names for them varied from one culture to another, hence the various names mentioned in the above passages. The following lists the names used in the Bible to refer to the race of giants. There may be a couple more but these are known for sure.


                   Giants (Nephilim)






Anakims – sons of Anak

It is plain from the text that the ancient Israelites believed these beings to be real, physical beings, and not mythological entities nor figments of imagination.

David fought and killed Goliath, who may have been around 9 feet tall. Og’s bed is described as being made of iron and measuring 9 cubits long x 4 cubits wide. The spies sent to check out the Promised Land said that the sons of Anak were thereand we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.” That doesn’t sound like mere myth to me.

Some would argue that the references above all occurred after the judgment of the flood and that is true, but I don’t think that presents a problem. Genesis 6:4 states “There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that…” All too often everyone forgets about those four little words “and also after that”.

The Nephilim (or giants) were a product of the “sons of God” and the “daughters of men” prior to the flood, but the text plainly states that there was another outbreak of these beings which occurred after that.

The difference, I believe, is that in pre-flood days this corruption was massive, including both man and beast and probably covering the entire world. It may even be reasonable to think this massive corruption of the creation was intentional. Corrupt the Earth and God’s creation; pollute the bloodline of mankind to thwart the coming of the promised Messiah.

After the flood these beings seem to be few in number and only located in and around the area of the Promised Land. I have seen no sources that indicate this second, small outbreak manifested itself with anywhere near the intensity of the original corruption.

This second lesser outbreak of “giants” is mentioned in various places in the Bible as has already been shown. These beings were called by such names as Anakims or sons of Anak, Zamzummims, Emims, Rephaims, and others.

It would be useless to try to determine how these beings came to be after the flood, just as it is impossible to know exactly how the “sons of God” and the “daughters of men” combined to produce these beings in pre-flood days. The only thing that matters concerning this is that the Bible plainly states that they existed both before and after the flood.

Of course, as with all things that are mysterious to us, there are different speculations about these “giants” being in and around the area of the Promised Land. One theory says that these beings were (once again) produced by angelic beings with the intention of occupying the Promised Land to prevent the Jewish people from being able to inhabit the land. I don’t know if this is the case, but it is an interesting theory. I’m sure a little research would turn up more on this subject.

The “giants” (Nephilim) of pre-flood days were, I believe, un-natural beings, the product of intermixing different species in ways that were never intended by God for his creation. I have wondered if this second outbreak of “giants” in and around the Promised Land was also a corrupt, un-natural mixing of species.

The word of God states that in pre-flood days the earth was corrupt, and that all flesh had corrupted its way…

Gen 6:11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence. Gen 6:12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.

This corruption was severe enough to bring about the judgment of the flood in which only Noah and his family survived. After the flood, God also pronounces a severe sentence on some of the inhabitants in and around the Promised Land…

1Sa 15:3 Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.

Some people in and around the Promised Land were to be utterly destroyed. Man, Woman, and child were to be killed with no exceptions. Their animals also were to be utterly destroyed. That seems to be very harsh treatment from God, whom we know to be a loving God. What could be an explanation for that?

Not everyone in the land received such harsh treatment. Why was there a distinction between some of these people? Read the following…

Deu 20:10 When thou comest nigh unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto it.

Deu 20:11 And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it shall be, that all the people that is found therein shall be tributaries unto thee, and they shall serve thee.

Deu 20:12 And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it:

Deu 20:13 And when the LORD thy God hath delivered it into thine hands, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword:

Deu 20:14 But the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take unto thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.

Deu 20:15 Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations.

Deu 20:16 But of the cities of these people, which the LORD thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth:

Deu 20:17 But thou shalt utterly destroy them; namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee:

Deu 20:18 That they teach you not to do after all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods; so should ye sin against the LORD your God.

Notice in verses 10-15, the people whom the Israelites are fighting against are not utterly destroyed. If they seek peace, then they serve and pay tribute to the Israelites (vs. 11). If they do not seek peace then the Israelites will war against them and when the city is delivered into the hands of the Israelites, they shall smite every male with the edge of the sword (vs. 13).Notice that they only smite every male. Verse 14 states that the women, little ones, cattle, and all that is in the city shall be a spoil of war. These are not killed, but rather are taken. Now look at verses 16-18. These peoples fare much worse. They are to be totally destroyed. God instructs the Israelites to “save alive nothing that breatheth”, and to “utterly destroy them”. Verse 18 states “that they teach you not to do after all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods; so should ye sin against the LORD your God.” It could be said that idolatry is implied but not specifically stated. The text says “abominations”. Most all people in those days were involved with idolatry in some form or another. (The Israelites themselves had trouble with this down through the years) The peoples mentioned in verses 10-15 no doubt had their own “gods” which they worshipped, and that being the case, they could have taught the Israelites to “do after all their abominations” especially since their women were taken in amongst the Israelites (vs. 14). Yet they were not totally destroyed. What then was different about the people mentioned in verses 16-18? Could it have been among these peoples that the second outbreak of “giants” (Nephilim) occurred? The outbreak of un-natural offspring in pre-flood days was, I believe, a major factor in God’s decision to destroy the Earth with the flood. This may also explain why God told the Israelites to utterly destroy these people, “save alive nothing that breatheth”. The corruption had broke forth again and had to be stopped in its tracks. It could have been that everyone and everything in these particular lands were tainted again; therefore they had to be destroyed to prevent the further spread of the corruption. The “giants” (Nephilim) existed in pre-flood days. They were not natural offspring and they were utterly destroyed in the flood. These same beings existed again after the flood in and around the Promised Land as stated in the Bible. God once again orders them, and anything else that was possibly corrupted by them, to be utterly destroyed. This is the only way I can make sense of the events surrounding these beings both before and after the flood. All my conclusions may not be correct. These things are not provable by any standard, and will probably always be a source of contention between those who accept the “angelic” interpretation of Genesis chapter 6 and those who understand these things as pertaining only to man.


August, 2010


 Further notes on Giants, and myths and legends of various cultures around the world.

 These beings (giants, Nephilim) existed and legends of them still exist in many different cultures today. This is common to most all ancient societies including Native American Indians. A little research will uncover numerous “giant” legends among the various tribes of Indians in both North and South America. 





Greek mythology is full of “giants” and their deeds. In Egypt there are depictions of “giants” in clay tablets, hieroglyphics and stonework. (Discussion of huge megalithic structures such as the pyramids, sphinx, and others can wait for a later study.)


Could it be that ancient stories of pre-flood events were passed down from generation to generation and most cultures took those stories and turned them into the “gods” of legend and mythology that we have record of today?

It has always fascinated me that there are so many “Flood legends” around the world. They literally occur everywhere! One of the most well known is the Epic of Gilgamesh, but even the Native American Indians have many flood stories that has been passed down from antiquity.

There are also a lot of stories of giants. This theme is consistent in many different cultures located in all corners of the earth as this quote from Francis A Schaeffer indicates…

“More and more we are finding that mythology in general though greatly contorted very often has some historic base. And the interesting thing is that one myth which occurs over and over again in many parts of the world is that somewhere a long time ago supernatural beings had sexual intercourse with natural women and produced a special breed of people.” (Francis A. Schaeffer)

How is it possible that these different cultures all came up with similar stories of floods, giants, and ancient “gods” intermingling with mankind?

It is my opinion that these legends and myths reflect real events that happened in earths’ past. The stories inevitably changed down through the ages to fit the culture of the people who were re-telling these events; therefore we recognize them today as mere mythology and legends.

In the following I will show excerpts from various legends which occur around the world. They may be a retelling of events that really occurred in far distant times before the flood. In the many centuries of the retelling of these stories, they inevitably become distorted but I believe they still show the same underlying theme.

Legends from Mexico

Ixtlilxochitl's Legend of the Creation

One of the most complete creation-stories in Mexican mythology is that given by the half-blood Indian author Ixtlilxochitl, who, we cannot doubt, received it directly from native sources.

This "first earth" was destroyed by the "water-sun." The remainder of the legend recounts how mighty earthquakes shook the world and destroyed the earth-giants. These earth-giants (Quinames) were analogous to the Greek Titans, and were a source of great uneasiness to the Toltecs.

Creation-Story of the Mixtecs

the gods lived happily together for many centuries, when it chanced that two little boys were born to them, beautiful of form and skilled and experienced in the arts. From the days of their birth they were named Wind-Nine-Snake (Viento de Neuve Culebras) and Wind-Nine-Cave (Viento de Neuve Cavernas). Much care was given to their education, and they possessed the knowledge of how to change themselves into an eagle or a snake, to make themselves invisible, and even to pass through solid bodies.

(Ed’s Note: The highlighted sections above struck me as interesting. In other ancient sources it is said that the “gods” (fallen angels) came to earth, somehow interbred with mankind and created offspring. Then they taught man many different skills and knowledge, including the arts and the mixture of different species)

The Mexican Noah

"And this year was that of Ce-calli, and on the first day all was lost. The mountain itself was submerged in the water, and the water remained tranquil for fifty-two springs.

"Now toward the close of the year Titlacahuan had forewarned the man named Nata and his wife Nena, saying, 'Make no more pulque, but straightway hollow out a large cypress, and enter it when in the month Tozoztli the water shall approach the sky.' They entered it, and when Titlacahuan had closed the door he said, 'Thou shalt eat but a single ear of maize) and thy wife but one also.'

(Ed’s Note: Is this a Mexican story of Noah? In the Bible, God shut the door to the Ark after Noah and his family entered (Gen. 7:16). Notice that the Mexican “god” Titlacahuan also closes the door behind this family that enters their large, hollow cypress boat.)

Excerpts from Mayan Myths





“They made a number of mannikins carved out of wood. But these were irreverent and angered the gods, who resolved to bring about their downfall. Then Hurakan (The Heart of Heaven) caused the waters to be swollen, and a mighty flood came upon the manikins……”

“Ere the earth was quite recovered from the wrathful flood which had descended upon it there lived a being orgulous and full of pride, called Vukub-Cakix……”(Ed’s Note: Vukub-Cakix is a giant!)

“On seeing Vukub, Hun-Apu raised a blow-pipe to his mouth and blew a dart at the giant. It struck him on the mouth, and he fell from the top of the tree to the ground. Hun-Apu leapt down upon Vukub and grappled with him, but the giant in terrible anger seized the god by the arm and wrenched it from the body……”

“The unsuspicious giant agreed to the operation, and very quickly Xpiyacoc, with the help of Xmucane, removed his teeth of emerald, and replaced them by grains of white maize. A change quickly came over the Titan……”

“After a while they could hear the giant crashing through the trees. He came into sight, and when he saw them standing round the giant tree-trunk, which they could not lift, he seemed very much amused.”

Excerpt from a myth of the Inca





“Then some were turned into stones, others into other things, some were swallowed up by the earth, others by the sea, and over all there came a general flood which they call uñu pachacuti, which means "water that overturns the land." They say that it rained 60 days and nights, that it drowned all created things……”

Some of the nations, besides the Cuzcos, also say that a few were saved from this flood to leave descendants for a future age.”“But the Incas and most of those of Cuzco, those among them who are believed to know most, do not say that anyone escaped from the flood, but that Viracocha began to create men afresh, as will be related further on.”“this creation of Viracocha was made from the Titicaca site where, having originally formed some shapes of large strong men which seemed to him out of proportion, he made them again of his stature which was, as they say, the average height of men”

Excerpts from Myths of the Navajo





“Before this time women had been running around having intercourse with petrified wood, cactus plants and men. This was how the Giant became the son of the Sun……”

“She, too, became pregnant and gave birth to Lonely Yei-tso, yé’i· coh, or the Giant. After this happened, many giants developed, many yei-tsos……”

“From this was produced the monsters That-Kill-the-People-with-their-Eyes, or just by looking at people……”

“After all of these monsters were born, they started eating the people upon the earth……”

“When things became really bad, the gods decided to get rid of the evil upon the earth……”

Excerpt from a Myth of the Cherokee



A long time ago a man had a dog, which began to go down to the river every day and look at the water and howl. At last the man was angry and scolded the dog, which then spoke to him and said: "Very soon there is going to be a great freshet and the water will come so high that everybody will be drowned; but if you will make a raft to get upon when the rain comes you can be saved, but you must first throw me into the water."

Then he believed the dog, and began to build a raft. Soon the rain came and he took his family, with plenty of provisions and they all got upon it. It rained for a long time, and the water rose until the mountains were covered and all the people in the world were drowned. Then the rain stopped and the waters went down again, until at last it was safe to come off the raft.

The following is from author Katharine Berry Judson [1912]. “Myths and Legends of California and the Old Southwest”

Excerpt of a Myth from the Zuni Tribe of New Mexico

Again the world rumbled, and they travelled into a country to a place called Where-tree-boles-stand-in-the-midst-of-waters. There they remained long, saying, "This is the Middle." They built homes there. At times they met people who had gone before, and thus they learned war. And many strange things happened there, as told in speeches of the ancient talk.

From the Pima Tribe of Arizona

After the world was ready, Earth Doctor made all kinds of animals and creeping things. Then he made images of clay, and told them to be people. After a while there were so many people that there was not food and water enough for all. They were never sick and none died. At last there grew to be so many they were obliged to eat each other. Then Earth Doctor, because he could not give them food and water enough, killed them all. He caught the hook of his staff into the sky and pulled it down so that it crushed all the people and all the animals, until there was nothing living on the earth. Earth Doctor made a hole through the earth with his stick, and through that he went, coming out safe, but alone, on the other side.

(Ed’s Note: This one caused me to raise my eyebrows. The people were made of clay (dust-Gen. 2:7). They were never sick and never died. I think that is exactly the way it was in the Garden prior sin being introduced. After the fall, angels descended and produced giants. There are many legends of these giants’ having insatiable appetites and eventually turning to the consumption of people as the above myth says. These things resulted in the judgment of the flood which destroyed the Earth, Noah and family excepted)

From the Pima Tribe of Arizona

Once upon a time, when all the earth was flooded, two birds were hanging above the water. They were clinging to the sky with their beaks. The larger bird was gray with a long tail and beak, but the smaller one was the tiny bird that builds a nest shaped like an olla, with only a very small opening at the top. The birds were tired and frightened. The larger one cried and cried, but the little bird held on tight and said, "Don't cry. I 'm littler than you are, but I 'm very brave."

From the Ashochimi (Coast Indians, Cal.)

Long ago there was a great flood which destroyed all the people in the world. Only Coyote was saved. When the waters subsided, the earth was empty.

From the Sia (New Mexico)

The whole earth was filled with water. The water did not fall in rain, but came in as rivers between the mesas. It continued to flow in from all sides until the people and the animals fled to the mesa tops. The water continued to rise until nearly level with the tops of the mesas. Then Sussistinnako cried, "Where shall my people go? Where is the road to the north?" He looked to the north. "Where is the road to the west? Where is the road to the east? Where is the road to the south?" He looked in each direction. He said, "I see the waters are everywhere."

(Ed’s Note: “The water did not fall in rain, but came in as rivers between the mesas” reminds me of Gen. 7:11 “In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.”)

From the Tolowa (Del Norte Co., Cal.)

Along time ago there came a great rain. It lasted a long time and the water kept rising till all the valleys were submerged, and the Indian tribes fled to the high lands. But the water rose, and though the Indians fled to the highest point, all were swept away and drowned-all but one man and one woman. They reached the very highest peak and were saved.

The following is a Flood Legend from the Cowichan Tribe. They lived around the Cowichan Valley in British Columbia. I list this here because it is a good example of many Native American Indian legends concerning the flood, giants, and even the confusion of tongues.The Great Flood

In ancient times, there were so many people in the land that they lived everywhere. Soon hunting became bad and food scarce, so that the people quarreled over hunting territories.

Even in those days, the people were skilled in making fine canoes and paddles from cedars, and clothing and baskets from their bark. In dreams their wise old men could see the future, and there came a time when they all had similar bad dreams that kept coming to them over and over again. The dreams warned of a great flood. This troubled the wise men who told each other about their dreams. They found that they all had dreamed that rain fell for such a long time, or that the river rose, causing a great flood so that all of the people were drowned. They were much afraid and called a council to hear their dreams and decide what should be done. One said that they should build a great raft by tying many canoes together. Some of the people agreed, but others laughed at the old men and their dreams.

The people who believed in the dreams worked hard building the raft. It took many moons of hard work, lashing huge cedar log canoes together with strong ropes of cedar bark. When it was completed, they tied the raft with a great rope of cedar bark to the top of Mount Cowichan by passing one end of the rope through the center of a huge stone which can still be seen there.

During the time the people were working on the raft, those who did not believe in the dreams were idle and still laughed, but they did admire the fine, solid raft when it was at last finished and floated in Cowichan Bay.

Soon after the raft was ready, huge raindrops started falling, rivers overflowed, and the valleys were flooded. Although people climbed Mount Cowichan to avoid the great flood, it too was soon under water. But those who had believed the dreams took food to the raft and they and their families climbed into it as the waters rose. They lived on the raft many days and could see nothing but water. Even the mountain tops had disappeared beneath the flood. The people became much afraid when their canoes began to flood and they prayed for help. Nothing happened for a long time; then the rain stopped.

The waters began to go down after a time, and finally the raft was grounded on top of Mount Cowichan. The huge stone anchor and heavy rope had held it safe. As the water gradually sank lower and lower, the people could see their lands, but their homes had all been swept away. The valleys and forests had been destroyed. The people went back to their old land and started to rebuild their homes.

After a long time the number of people increased, until once again the land was filled and the people started to quarrel again. This time they separated into tribes and clans, all going to different places. The storytellers say this is how people spread all over the Earth.

Found at:

(Ed’s Note: It struck me as interesting that after the flood was over, the story tells of people separating into “tribes and clans, all going to different places”. That sounds very similar to the Biblical story of the Confusion of Languages at the Tower of Babel.)

Then there is this creation legend from Tiahuanaco in South America.

Tiahuanaco Creation Legend

In the beginning, Lord Con Ticci Viracocha, prince and creator of all things, emerged from the void and created the earth and the heavens. Then he created animals and a race of giants (who lived in eternal darkness as he had neglected to create a source of light). These beings enraged the Lord, and he turned them into stone. Then he flooded the earth till all was under water, and all life extinguished. In a new start, he created the sun, moon, and stars. Now he created new birds and animals. Again he decided to form human beings: these he fashioned from stone. Some he painted with long hair, some with short hair; some women he painted as pregnant, some as caring for the babies fashioned beside them; and on each figure he painted the clothes they would continue to wear. Finally he divided the stone figures into groups, giving each group its own language, its own food to grow, and its own songs to sing. Then he buried all the figures in the earth toawait his command that would bring them to life. Viracocha then summoned his helpers and told them to go forth on the earth in different directions to prepare places for the new humans to occupy. Viracocha then traveled the land, calling each group into life as he passed the land they were to populate, whereupon he taught them how to live on the land selected for them. (There is a continuance of this story that has Viracocha and his companions, when finished with their teachings, walking on the waves of the ocean as they disappear toward the setting sun. Viracocha means "foam of the sea".)

All of the preceding excerpts from various myths and legends are but a small sampling of the many different stories from native peoples worldwide. Stories of the Flood and Giants seem to be quite common.

Did these native peoples have an over active imagination and somehow they ALL came up with the same theme for their myths and legends? Most of the ones I’ve listed above are from the North and South American continent, mainly because they originate from sources close to us geographically, but these stories occur worldwide.

Sure, the stories are twisted and distorted but I contend that these people are passing on stories of real events of the remote past. The Flood actually happened and many different cultures retell of that event in their own myths and legends. Likewise, “there were giants in the earth in those days” and many of the stories of native peoples retell the story of these beings in their own way.

Following is a small snippet from “Hidden Dangers of the Rainbow”, by Constance E. Cumbey. This work was written around 1983 and deals in some depth with the “New Age” deception. The author of this work traces the origins of modern day New Age beliefs and practices back to the theosophy movement of the mid to late 1800’s, although it is ultimately understood that the so called “New Age” movement has its roots in antiquity and may have started with the serpent in the Garden of Eden (ye shall be as gods, Gen. 3:5). She also goes into some detail of the New Agers plan for humanity in the not too distant future (remember, written in approx. 1983!) As I was reading this, I kept thinking “this sounds like news headlines today!” Keep in mind that this is not the stereotypical yuppie New Age flower child of the sixties that she is studying, these are hard core occultists ,Satanists and Luciferians that hold many positions of power in the world today. In the following section, she is explaining the “Secret Doctrine” and what it means to these occultists.

“Both Nazism and the New Age Movement are political/spiritual entities based on the same esoteric foundations: the "Secret Doctrine" which has been at the base of all pagan religions and at the base of esoteric "Christianity."

Perhaps that "Secret Doctrine" might be best summarized as being the antithesis of Judeo/Christian beliefs. The Secret Doctrine glorifies Lucifer and all the practices condemned in the Bible.

The Secret Doctrine also glorifies the pre-flood world, a world that, according to both the Bible and the Secret Doctrine, was alive with demonic contact and psycho/spiritual power.

Understanding this gives special significance for today to the statement by Jesus: "As it was in the days of Noah, so it shall be in the days of the coming of the Son of Man."

The days of Noah carried far larger implications than mere crime and violence. They were also characterized by active human involvement with demonic forces.

Genesis, chapter six, records the fact that the "sons of God," which some interpret as "beings from the spirit world" or demons, procreated with the "daughters of men." This type of involvement with mankind, if directly demonic, was undoubtedly a motivating force behind the other crimes of violence that proliferated, moving God to give the world a final warning through Noah.

He alone was ultimately saved along with his wife, his three sons and three daughters-in-law, from the destroying deluge.” (Constance Cumbey, Hidden Danger of the Rainbow, pp. 80-81)

The evidence that leads me to believe that the “sons of God” went in unto the “daughters of men” and produced a race of giants begins with the Biblical evidence already examined earlier. On top of that, I have examined the apocryphal books of Enoch, Jasher, Jubilees, and others and gave consideration to what these books are saying from a historical stand point.

Finally, I have examined myths and legends of native peoples around the world and found a common theme running through a lot of their stories. If you look past the distortions that inevitably creep in over time you can see a common theme of giants, the flood, and other interesting things which can be found in the Holy Scriptures.

Weird things happened on planet Earth in the distant past. The big question is whether some weird things may be in store for us in the future.

Ecc 1:9 The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun. Ecc 1:10 Is there any thing whereof it may be said, See, this is new? it hath been already of old time, which was before us.

Mat 24:37 But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

There was an eruption of un-natural offspring in antediluvian days. They were called Nephilim (giants). They were the mighty men of renown, the ones immortalized in mythology. Their exploits are still recounted in many different legends and stories all around the world. Their existence may be a product of genetic manipulation between angelic beings and earthy women, perhaps in ways that we can’t fully understand.

There is one line of thinking that says the corruption of the Earth by the fallen angels was intentional with the purpose of polluting the bloodline of mankind to make it impossible for the prophesied Messiah to be born. I do not know how much weight to put on this view of events. In the following, I will examine this view and let you determine if you think it has any credibility. This sounds completely plausible to me, and completely un-provable. The Bible says that the “sons of God” were enticed by the good looks of the daughters of men so I take that as authoritative. But the following sounds plausible to me and I think it may have been a contributing factor in the decision of the fallen ones to do what they did. Read on and draw your own conclusions.

Gen 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

This is the first prophecy of the Bible. God tells Satan that the seed of the woman (Christ) will stomp his head, bruising his heel in the process. This was a prophecy of doom for Satan and his followers. (Notice that this verse says that Satan has his own “seed” also.)

This view states that the “sons of God” knew very well what they were doing when they corrupted mankind and the earth, and their intent was evil. Corrupt the creation of God, pollute the bloodline of “the woman” to prevent the birth of the promised messiah and thereby prevent their head getting stomped.

Because of their actions, the whole earth became corrupt before God (Gen. 6:11). It could be said that the entire human race and most terrestrial animals were tainted beyond repair with the exception of one man and his family, Noah.

Gen 6:9 These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God.

What does “perfect in his generations” mean? Does it mean that Noah was a perfect individual?



Was he perfect in his righteousness? Was he a man of moral perfection?

Look at the definition of the word “perfect”.

(From Strong’s Concordance)H8549




From H8552; entire (literally, figuratively or morally); also (as noun) integrity, truth: - without blemish, complete, full, perfect, sincerely (-ity), sound, without spot, undefiled, upright (-ly), whole.

This refers to the physical body being “without blemish”, “without spot”, “undefiled”, or for the sake of this study, perhaps we can just say “untainted”.



It is the contention of people who hold this view that Noah being “perfect in his generations” refers to the physical nature and not the moral nature. The following verses of scripture are where the same word (in Hebrew) is used and it is obvious from the context that the reference is to physical purity.

Exo 12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: Exo 29:1 And this is the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest's office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish, Lev 1:3 If his offering be a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD.

The word used to indicate the requirement of physical perfection in the sacrificial animal is also the same exact word used to describe Noah’s perfection, the Hebrew word “tawmeem”.

Therefore, people who put forth this view believe the phrase “perfect in his generations” is referring to physical purity, not moral perfection. Noah (and perhaps his family also) were not genetically tainted by the corruption taking place on earth, they were physically pure.

How could this be? Why was Noah spared? Well, the Bible does say that he was a “just” man and that he “walked with God”. Because of this, being a just man and walking with God, he would have been able to keep himself and his family separate and pure from the corruption taking place on earth at the hand of the “sons of God”.

This could be an indication of how close the plan of the fallen “sons of God” came to being completely successful. One man and his family were all that were spared on the entire face of the planet. Think about that and let it sink in.

The sparing of Noah and his family, and the destruction of the corrupted earth would have ensured that the Messiah could indeed be the “seed of the woman” and Savior of the world and that this same Messiah would ultimately crush the head of that old serpent and deliver all creation from any further influence by the fallen ones.

Whether you hold the previous view to have validity or not, it does seem to suggest an ulterior motive for the actions of the fallen ones. Having understood the prophecy of Gen. 3:15 as pronouncing their ultimate doom, their actions could have been an act of lust combined with a drive for self preservation.Enough speculation, back to the subject at hand.

 The Bible says that a result of the mingling of humans and angels was the production of Nephilim, or giants. The term “Nephilim” carries more significance than just referring to someone very big or tall.The word “Nephilim” is believed to come from the word “naphal” as shown below.




A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively): - be accepted, cast (down, self, [lots], out), cease, die, divide (by lot), (let) fail, (cause to, let, make, ready to) fall (away, down, -en, -ing), fell (-ing), fugitive, have [inheritamce], inferior, be judged [by mistake for H6419], lay (along), (cause to) lie down, light (down), be (X hast) lost, lying, overthrow, overwhelm, perish, present (-ed, -ing), (make to) rot, slay, smite out, X surely, throw down.


nephı^yl nephil

nef-eel', nef-eel'

From H5307; properly, a feller, that is, a bully or tyrant: - giant.

 Source: Strong’s Concordance)



The following is from the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

The Greeks and Romans believed in an ancient race of “Gigantes”, or giants on earth. Below is their explanation of whom these beings were and where they came from as well as some of the exploits they were involved in.

GIGANTES (Gigantes). In the story about the Gigantes or giants, we must distinguish the early legends from the later ones. According to Homer, they were a gigantic and savage race of men, governed by Eurymedon, and dwelling in the distant west, in the island of Thrinacia; but they were extirpated by Eurymedon on account of their insolence towards the gods. (Hom. Od. vii. 59, 206, x. 120; comp. Paus. viii. 29. § 2.) Homer accordingly looked upon the Gigantes, like the Phaeacians, Cyclopes, and Laestrygones, as a race of Autochthones, whom, with the exception of the Phaeacians, the gods destroyed for their overbearing insolence, but neither he nor Hesiod knows any thing about the contest of the gods with the Gigantes. Hesiod (Theog. 185), however, considers them as divine beings, who sprang from the blood that fell from Uranus upon the earth (Ed’s Note: combination of heavenly and earthly), so that Ge was their mother. Later poets and mythographers frequently confound them with the Titans (Serv. ad Aen. viii. 698, Georg. i. 166, 278; Hor. Carm. iii. 4. 42), and Hyginus (Praef. Fab. p. l) calls them the sons of Ge (Terra) and Tartarus. Their battle with Zeus and the Olympian gods seems to be only an imitation of the revolt of the Titans against Uranus. Ge, it is said (Apollod. i. 6. § 1, &c.), indignant at the fate of her former children, the Titans, gave birth to the Gigantes, that is, monstrous and unconquerable giants, with fearful countenances and the tails of dragons. (Comp. Ov. Trist. iv. 7, 17.) They were born, according to some, in Phlegrae (i. e. burning fields), in Sicily, Campania, or Arcadia, and, according to others, in the Thracian Pallene. (Apollod., Paus. ll. cc. ; Pind. Nem. i. 67; Strab. pp. 245, 281, 330; Schol. ad Hom. Il. viii. 479.) It is worthy of remark that Homer, as well as later writers, places the Gigantes in volcanic districts, and most authorities in the western parts of Europe. In their native land they made an attack upon heaven, being armed with huge rocks and the trunks of trees. (Ov. Met. i. 151, &c.) Porphyrion and Alcyoneus distinguished themselves above their brethren. The latter of them, who had carried off the oxen of Helios from Erytheia, was immortal so long as he fought in his native land; and the gods were informed that they should not be able to kill one giant unless they were assisted by some mortal in their fight against the monsters. (Comp. Schol. ad Pind. Nem. i. 100; Eratosth. Catast. 11.) Ge, on hearing of this, discovered a herb which would save the giants from being killed by mortal hands; but Zeus forbade Helios and Eos to shine, took himself the herb, and invited Heracles to give his assistance against the giants. Heracles, indeed, killed Alcyoneus, but as the giant fell on the ground, lie came to life again. On the advice of Athena, Heracles dragged him away from his native land, and thus slew him effectually. Porphyrion attacked Heracles and Hera, but was killed by the combined efforts of Zeus and Heracles, the one using a flash of lightning and the other his arrows. (Comp. Pind. Pyth. viii. 19 with the Schol.) The other giants, whose number, according to Hyginus, amounted to twenty-four, were then killed one after another by the gods and Heracles, and some of them were buried by their conquerors under (volcanic) islands. (Eurip. Cycl. 7; Diod. iv. 21; Strab. p. 489; Serv. ad Aen. iii. 578.) The fight of the giants with the gods was represented by Phidias on the inside of the shield of his statue of Athena. (Plin. H. N. xxxvi. 5. 4.) The origin of the story of the Gigantes must probably be sought for in similar physical phenomena in nature, especially volcanic ones, from which arose the stories about the Cyclopes. (Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.)

“In the Grecian mythology an important place is occupied by certain powerful beings, described as being of mingled heavenly and earthly, or divine and human origin, and variously designated by the names of giants, Titans, demigods, heroes.” (Source: The Fallen Angels and Heroes of Mythology, Rev. John Flemming, intro. P.14)




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